Pakistan’s principal natural resources are arable land and water. About 25% of Pakistan’s accounts for about 21% of gdp and employs about 43% of the labor force. In Pakistan, the most agricultural province is Punjab where wheat and cotton are the most grown. mango orchards are mostly found in Sindh and Punjab provinces that make Pakistan the world’s 4th largest producer of mangoes. barley and wheat cultivation along with the domestication of cattle, primarily sheep and goat was visible. Pakistan has a rich and vast natural resource base, covering various ecological and climatic zones; hence the country has great potential for producing all types of food commodities. Agriculture has an important direct and indirect role in generating economic growth. The importance of agriculture to the economy is seen in three ways: first, it provides food to consumers and fibres for domestic industry; second, it is a source of scarce foreign exchange earnings; and third, it provides a market for industrial goods.
Irrigation was developed in the Indus valley civilization by around 4500 bce. The size and prosperity of the Indus civilization grew as a result of this innovation, which eventually led to more planned settlements making use of drainage and sewers.sophisticated irrigation and water storage systems were developed by the indus valley civilization, including artificial reservoirs at girnardated to 3000 bce, and an early canal irrigation system from circa 2600 bce.