Social Protection

With the transition from centrally planned economies to market economies, countries in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union are faced with the formidable challenge of restructuring their social protection systems. Pensions, unemployment benefits

child allowances and social assistance programmes have not been able to cope well with the demands placed by transition processes: they are expensive, overly centralized, with coverage that is too extensive and largely untargeted. As a result, large pockets of poverty have emerged, mainly in families with many children, those with an unemployed household member and single pensioners.

In addition, enterprises were used to provide an array of social benefits, ranging from subsidized housing and utilities, subsidized health services, cheap food and vacations to free transport. This is no longer compatible with the function of an enterprise in a market economy. Governments have started to transfer the provision and financing of these benefits, as well as the operation and maintenance of the underlying assets, to local authorities. These local authorities are then tasked with the development of new schemes, regulations and methodologies for the continued provision of social services to the population at large.

BG has provided targeted assistance and interventions for the people at risk and can call upon an extensive body of know-how to respond to varying needs.

  • Pension reform policy advice (funding, administration, benefit design)
  • Pension cost modeling
  • Actuarial education and training
  • Reform of unemployment benefit systems
  • Pooling of work injury risks
  • Introduction of targeting and means-testing in social assistance systems
  • Development of computerized
  • administration in social security
  • Social assets divestiture
  • Social services delivery and finance at local level
  • Introduction of monitoring systems, using household budget surveys Development of
  • social budget models