Health and Family Welfare

The widening of people’s access to and the improving of the quality of primary health care and family planning services remains an important development objective. In this context, development projects have aimed at strengthening health referral networks, promoting preventive and primary health services, and the integration of health activities with related community services in family planning and nutrition

A new trend is the importance attached to the strengthening of the management and financing of health systems. Improved organization and financial management in health systems will lead to greater cost-effectiveness. In this regard, the importance of having access to a well functioning and cost-efficient health management information system cannot be underestimated.

Containing health system expenses is very high on the agenda in both developed and developing countries. For example, there is a distinct trend in developing countries to decentralize the provision and financing of health services to local governments that have as yet inadequate means to pick up

  • Health policy design and formulation
  • Primary health care
  • Population and family planning activities
  • Health management and administration, including information systems
  • Health finance
  • Service rationalization
  • Developing cost coverage and user charges
  • Evaluation studies
  • Equipment and supplies for health centre’s

the tab. A more sustainable solution will be to contain costs through central procurement of drug supplies, a move towards preventive care through a network of family doctors, and the introduction of a price mechanism that discourages unnecessary and excessive use of (curative) services.