Employment Promotion

The provision of productive employment is generally regarded as the key to alleviating poverty, fostering economic growth and an equitable distribution of income. Solving the unemployment problem is therefore a crucial issue, which demands optimum innovation and resourcefulness. In this context, it is

important that interventions that are started up under an employment strategy soon form an integral part of a consistent and coherent economic growth strategy that lays down an enabling environment for sustainable job growth.

Crucial to effective employment policy formation is an in-depth knowledge and analysis of labour market trends and processes. A set of comprehensive labour statistics is thus an indispensable basis for the planning and design of employment and labour market policies. This is true for both developing and transition countries. In general, in these countries there is insufficient capacity to collect and analyse up-to-date information about the labour market.

  • Employment policy formulation
  • Job creation schemes
  • Promotion of informal sector employment and self-employment
  • Strengthening of cooperatives
  • Labour force surveys
  • Establishment of labour market information and analysis centre’s
  • Organization and management of public employment exchanges
  • Training needs assessments

Availability of appropriately skilled manpower is another important prerequisite for economic development. In a typical developed economy, vocational education and training (VET) caters to the education and training requirements of between 60% and 80% of the labour force. In this context, the role of VET institutions is to respond to demands in the labour market and to give individuals the necessary skills and knowledge to become productive members of society.